Texas State is a southern state located just north of the Mexican border. The name of "Texas" is derived from a Caddo word that means "friends" or "allies." To the west lies New Mexico, to the east lies Oklahoma, to the north lies the state of Arkansas and towards the east, Louisiana. The population of Texas is 25.1 million. The total land area of the state of Texas is 268,820 square miles, making it the biggest state within the contiguous US. Houston is the biggest city within the state of Texas, and San Antonio City is the second largest.
Texas is referred to as the Lone Star State. The nickname is a reminder of the state's historic struggle for freedom as an independent republic. The Texas State Flag and the Texas State Seal still bear the "Lone Star".
Texas State has a quite diverse landscape over its large land area, with coastal swamps, piney woods, flat plains and rugged hills that extend from the desert and mountainous terrain of the Big Bend. The majority of the inhabitants reside within the cities constructed upon former grasslands, forests and coastline. The state has grown so fast that symptoms of fast development, like for instance urban sprawl, are afflicting its cities.
The economy of Texas is likewise diverse, though most of the states economy is driven by the petroleum industry due to the large presence of oil. Haliburton, Exxon-Mobil, Valero, Marathon Oil and different major petroleum businesses are based within the state of Texas. Texas State has known petroleum deposits of roughly 5 billion barrels (25 percent of the nation's known reserves). Approximately 4.6 million barrels of oil every day could be processed by the state's refineries. Baytown Refinery in the city of Houston is the biggest within the the nation. The state of Texas also produces 25 percent of the nation's supply of natural gas.
Texas has more land in farm acreage as opposed to whatever other state within the United States. Texas State is the leader in the production of livestock, like for example sheep, goat and cattle. Cattle is the most valuable farm product of the state. Cotton production also defines the state of Texas. Moreover, cereal crops and produce are grown here. The business of commercial fishing is quite strong. Texas State has numerous mineral resources and related companies produce crushed stone, cement, salt, lime, gravel and sand.
There are a lot of high-tech companies within Texas State, with many being situated in the Austin area (known as "Silicon Hills") and the north Dallas area ("Silicon Prairie"). Also, there are numerous high technology businesses situated within Texas State: Texas Instruments, Dell, Inc., Perot Systems, AT&T and Hewlett-Packard's biggest campus.
The state of Texas leads the way in alternative energy sources, like wind power. Roscoe, Texas, is the location of the world's biggest wind farm. The state of Texas has the potential to become the biggest producer of solar power in the US. The agriculture and forestry trades of the state have huge potential for the production of biomass for biofuels.