The city of Lubbock is located in northwest Texas, on the South Plains. The city of Lubbock has an approximate population of 215,000. The Texas Panhandle is situated north of the city with the Permian Basin situated to the south of Lubbock. The city is elevated above sea level at roughly 3,250 ft.
Lubbock is a name which came from the previous Civil War Confederate and Texas Ranger, Thomas S. Lubbock. During this period his brother, Francis R. Lubbock, served as the governor of the state of Texas.
Lubbock County was formed in 1876, even though the existing city was not established until 1890. The initial settlement was formed from the merger of Monterey and Old Lubbock. In the year 1891 the city was referred to as the county seat and the city of Lubbock was incorporated on March 16, 1909.
Shortly after Lubbock town was incorporated, the rail service was established. Due to these railroads, agriculture in the area grew rapidly. The area soon became the marketing hub of the county. As such they were referred to as the "Hub of the Plains."
The city continued to develop since more opportunities were presented, including the opening of the Texas Technological College during 1925, that provided an important boost to the economy of the city. The effects of the Great Depression were countered by the development of a couple of military training bases during the second World War. The cities population grew quickly once the war ended. All through the '40's, the growth rate was next to Albuquerque all over the entire nation.
The worst disaster that the Lubbock City experienced was a tornado which hit on May 11,1970. It is considered amongst the strongest tornadoes in history and led to 26 fatalities. It led to more than $135 million in damages spanning over three square miles of Lubbock City. In addition to the repairs done on the buildings that were damaged, the Lubbock memorial Civic Center was built as a tribute to those who were victims of this devastating natural disaster.
The economy of the city is still based primarily on the agricultural trade with additional income coming from a variety of manufacturing facilities. Lubbock continues to diversify the economy in fields including retail trade, government, education, and health care. The agricultural industry draws in about $22 billion dollars on an annual basis with cotton being the main crop. Cotton is not only a commodity that is marketable. It also provides help so as to support related businesses, including compresses, grins, cottonseed meal, lint, a denim plant and numerous processing facilities.