The city of Amarillo is the biggest city presently within the Texas Panhandle and the 14th biggest city within Texas with an estimated population of 190,000 people. The city of Amarillo is the seat of Potter County, while a small part of the city however sits in neighboring Randall County. The four counties that make up the Amarillo metropolitan area have an estimated population of 236,000.
The initial name of the city of Amarillo was Oneida. Amarillo is located in the Llano Estacado region. The city grew exponentially in the late 19th century, because of the availability of the railroad and freight services that were offered by the Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad. Eventually, Amarillo City has become the regional economic center for the Texas Panhandle. Amarillo City is likewise extremely important economically to the Oklahoma Panhandle and Eastern New Mexico.
The city of Amarillo has been called and is known by a lot of phrases, including the "Helium Capital of the World", "The Yellow Rose of Texas", and "Rotor City, USA". These three names reflect certain aspects of their community. The city of Amarillo presently has one of the world's most productive helium fields as well as a renowned V-22 Osprey hybrid aircraft assembly plant.
Among the largest meat packing areas in the United States is situated within the city of Amarillo; about one-quarter of the nation's beef supply is processed there. Also, the Texas Cattle Feeders Association is situated within Amarillo City.
Different major businesses set up in the city of Amarillo comprise nuclear weapons and petroleum extraction. The only nuclear weapon disassembly and assembly facility in the nation called Pantax is located in the city of Amarillo. Because the federal government privatized local operations during the late 1990s, the helium industry has decreased considerably. In the year 1999, a helicopter assembly plant was constructed by Bell Helicopter Textron close to the city's international airport.
Tyson Foods is the Amarillo City's biggest business, hiring about 3,700 workers. The Amarillo Independent School District isn't far behind with a roster of around 3,659 employees. Baptist St. Anthony's Care System, BWXT pantex, City of Amarillo, Amarillo College, United Supermarkets, Owens-Corning, Bell Helicopter Textron, ASARCO, and Northwest Texas Healthcare System are likewise major businesses.
Both Big Texan Steak Ranch and Cadillac Ranch is located near Interstate 40. Likewise running through the city is Highway 66.
The city of Amarillo is surrounded by around 14 million acres mainly comprised of corn, wheat and cotton. Other crops also comprise hay, silage, sorghum and soybeans. Early 2000, several state of the art dairies were built within the area.
The Amarillo Economic Development Corporation encourages employers to capitalize on the aggressive incentive packages, which are funded by a city sales tax. The AEDC created a bad name for itself during the late 1990s, by sending fake cheques to several companies across the nation. It likewise placed some full-page advertisements in the Wall Street Journal and paid American Airlines a yearly one million dollars subsidy to be able to retain jet service.